Outside of an initial set of circles (that is defined in the governance agreement proposal for the implementation of sociocracy), circles are formed by their parent circle. Alternatively, a circle can form in isolation and ask to be “adopted” under a parent circle later. The connection to a parent circle is important to clarify the new circle’s domain.
To form a circle, it takes (1) a defined aim (2) a domain (3) a leader/convener and a plan for how the circle is populated.
For more information, check out our handbook Many Voices One Song section 2.5